English Quiz

Directions (1-8): In the following passage, some of the words have been left out, each of which is indicated by a number. Find the suitable word from the options given against each number and fill up the blanks with appropriate words to make the paragraph meaningfully complete.

WhatsApp had informed the Indian government in September that 121 Indian users were targeted by the Israeli spyware Pegasus, but the Information Technology Ministry has ________(1)_______ the information received from the messaging app earlier was inadequate and _________(2)______, according to sources.
Sources at WhatsApp said the messaging platform had now responded to the government’s query seeking an explanation on the spyware incident that allegedly ________(3)_____ on journalists and human rights activists across the world.
The Ministry sources said they had received a reply from WhatsApp and were studying it, and that a view on it would be taken soon.
While declining to comment on the details of the fresh response sent last week, sources in WhatsApp said the company had _____(4)_________ out to the government in September as well, its second alert on the issue after its communication in May. They said the Facebook-owned company had in the September communication flagged that 121 users in India had been affected by the spyware.
The IT Ministry officials said they had received some communication from WhatsApp in the past but it was inadequate, incomplete and full of technical ____(5)_______. WhatsApp did not respond to queries over the matter.
The messaging giant, on Thursday, had said Indian journalists and human rights activists were among those globally ________(6)__________by unnamed entities using an Israeli spyware Pegasus.
Government officials had questioned the “suspicious” timing of the disclosure of the hacking incident, particularly against the backdrop of the Supreme Court allowing the Centre three months to come up with rules to curb _________(7)_______ of social media in the country, and the continued demand for bringing in traceability of originators of ______(8)________ content.
Q1.
(a) cajole
(b) contended
(c) appease
(d) pander
(e) None of these.
L1Difficulty 3
QTags cloze test

Q2.
(a) belligerent
(b) warring
(c) incomplete
(d) internecine
(e) None of these.
L1Difficulty 2
QTags cloze test


Q3.
(a) snooped
(b) plot
(c) schema
(d) figure
(e) None of these.
L1Difficulty 3
QTags cloze test

Q4.
(a) dislodge
(b) blaze
(c) reached
(d) figure
(e) None of these.
L1Difficulty 2
QTags cloze test

Q5.
(a) chronic
(b) jargon
(c) delay
(d) limit
(e) None of these.
L1Difficulty 2
QTags cloze test

Q6.
(a) look after
(b) spied upon
(c) kneel down
(d) scope
(e) None of these.
L1Difficulty 3
QTags cloze test

Q7.
(a) misuse
(b) misfit
(c) foster
(d) deserves
(e) None of these.
L1Difficulty 2
QTags cloze test

Q8.
(a) requires
(b) demands
(c) malicious
(d) gloomy
(e) None of these.
L1Difficulty 3
QTags cloze test

Directions (9-15): Rearrange the following sentences in the proper sequence to form a meaningful paragraph and then answer the questions given below.
(A)The fourth Industrial Revolution has swept the world, leaving its indelible impact on the shop floor, in stores, offices, boardrooms and beyond.
(B) and markets that can enable them to improve their lives. However, as in the case of the earlier Industrial Revolutions, this one too, brings formidable challenges for society.
(C)The fusion of technologies that characterises this revolution has triggered a wave of transformative change, impacting society in ways we could not have imagined earlier and at a pace that we have not seen before.
(D) The frenetic speed of digital adoption and the entry of machines is making the skills of millions of people irrelevant almost overnight.
(E) The spyware in effect nullifies WhatsApp’s objections. Surveillance of communication by government agencies is not new.
(F) It also raises the need to determine what a machine should do and which tasks should remain under a human’s purview.
(G)The benefits of digital technologies are many. They have the power to revolutionise society as, for the first time, the disadvantaged have access to information, services, skilling opportunities
(H) As a result, the conversation in technological and business circles is moving from a purely business-focused view of technology application to one that is more human-centric.

Q9. Considering  statement (A) “The fourth Industrial Revolution has swept the world, leaving its indelible impact on the shop floor, in stores, offices, boardrooms and beyond.
.” as the first sentence of the rearranged paragraph, then which among the followings fails to become the part of the coherent paragraph?
(a) H
(b) D
(c) B
(d) F
(e) E
L1 Difficulty 3
QTags Sentence Rearrangement


Q10. Among the following pairs which one of them is formed with two consecutive statements after the rearrangement?
(a) B - D
(b) C - D
(c) A - B
(d) C - E
(e) A – F
L1 Difficulty 3
QTags Sentence Rearrangement

Q11. Considering statement (A) “The fourth Industrial Revolution has swept the world, leaving its indelible impact on the shop floor, in stores, offices, boardrooms and beyond.” as the first sentence of the rearranged paragraph, which of the following statement should be FOURTH sentence after the rearrangement? (Excluding the incoherent sentence)
(a) D
(b) B
(c) E
(d) C
(e) F
L1 Difficulty 3
QTags Sentence Rearrangement


Q12. Considering statement (A) “The fourth Industrial Revolution has swept the world, leaving its indelible impact on the shop floor, in stores, offices, boardrooms and beyond.” as the first sentence of the rearranged paragraph, which of the following statements would be  the last sentence after the rearrangement? (Excluding the incoherent sentence)
(a) D
(b) B
(c) H
(d) C
(e) F
L1 Difficulty 3
QTags Sentence Rearrangement


Q13. Considering statement (A) “The fourth Industrial Revolution has swept the world, leaving its indelible impact on the shop floor, in stores, offices, boardrooms and beyond.” as the first sentence of the rearranged paragraph, identify the correct sequence of the sentences to form a coherent paragraph (excluding the incoherent one).
(a) ADECFHB
(b) ACGBDFH
(c) AFBECEH
(d) ADFCEBH
(e) ADBCFEH
L1 Difficulty 3
QTags Sentence Rearrangement

Q14. Considering statement (A) “The fourth Industrial Revolution has swept the world, leaving its indelible impact on the shop floor, in stores, offices, boardrooms and beyond.” as the first sentence of the rearranged paragraph, which of the following statement should be THIRD sentence after the rearrangement? (Excluding the incoherent sentence)
(a) D
(b) B
(c) E
(d) G
(e) F
L1 Difficulty 3
QTags Sentence Rearrangement


Q15. Considering statement (A) “The fourth Industrial Revolution has swept the world, leaving its indelible impact on the shop floor, in stores, offices, boardrooms and beyond.” as the first sentence of the rearranged paragraph, which of the following statement should SECOND sentence after the rearrangement? (Excluding the incoherent sentence)
(a) D
(b) B
(c) E
(d) G
(e) C
L1 Difficulty 3
QTags Sentence Rearrangement


Solutions
S1. Ans. (b)
Sol. The correct option is option (b).
Contended: struggle to surmount
Pander: Gratify or indulge
Cajole: Synonyms: persuade, tempt, lure, flatter

S2. Ans. (c)
Sol. The correct option is option (c).
 Belligerent-Eager to fight
 Warring: hostile, fighting, conflicting, opposed 
internecine- destructive, deadly, fatal

S3. Ans. (a)
Sol. The correct option is option (a).
Snooped- If someone snoops around a place, they secretly look around it in order to find out things

S4. Ans. (c)
Sol. The correct option is option (c).
Blaze-A mark on the tree to show directions, a great fire

S5. Ans. (b)
Sol. The correct option is option (b).
Chronic-Very severe and unpleasant.
Jargon- specialized language concerned with a particular subject, culture, or profession

S6. Ans. (b)
Sol. The correct option is option (b).
look after-take care of.
spied upon-to observe secretively or furtively with hostile intent (often followed by on or upon).

S7. Ans. (a)
Sol. The correct option is option (a).

S8. Ans. (c)
Sol. The correct option is option (c).
Gloomy-dark or poorly lit, especially so as to appear depressing or frightening.
Both the words ‘malicious’ and ‘gloomy’ are adjectives but “malicious” fits the blank.
So the correct option is option (c).

S9. Ans. (e)
Sol.
(A)The fourth Industrial Revolution has swept the world, leaving its indelible impact on the shop floor, in stores, offices, boardrooms and beyond.
(C)The fusion of technologies that characterises this revolution has triggered a wave of transformative change, impacting society in ways we could not have imagined earlier and at a pace that we have not seen before.
(G)The benefits of digital technologies are many. They have the power to revolutionise society as, for the first time, the disadvantaged have access to information, services, skilling opportunities
(B) and markets that can enable them to improve their lives. However, as in the case of the earlier Industrial Revolutions, this one too, brings formidable challenges for society.
(D) The frenetic speed of digital adoption and the entry of machines is making the skills of millions of people irrelevant almost overnight.
(F) It also raises the need to determine what a machine should do and which tasks should remain under a human’s purview.
(H) As a result, the conversation in technological and business circles is moving from a purely business-focused view of technology application to one that is more human-centric.
Hence, our correct sequence is “ACGBDFH”.

S10. Ans. (a)
Sol.
(A)The fourth Industrial Revolution has swept the world, leaving its indelible impact on the shop floor, in stores, offices, boardrooms and beyond.
(C)The fusion of technologies that characterises this revolution has triggered a wave of transformative change, impacting society in ways we could not have imagined earlier and at a pace that we have not seen before.
(G)The benefits of digital technologies are many. They have the power to revolutionise society as, for the first time, the disadvantaged have access to information, services, skilling opportunities
(B) and markets that can enable them to improve their lives. However, as in the case of the earlier Industrial Revolutions, this one too, brings formidable challenges for society.
(D) The frenetic speed of digital adoption and the entry of machines is making the skills of millions of people irrelevant almost overnight.
(F) It also raises the need to determine what a machine should do and which tasks should remain under a human’s purview.
(H) As a result, the conversation in technological and business circles is moving from a purely business-focused view of technology application to one that is more human-centric.
Hence, our correct sequence is “ACGBDFH”.

S11. Ans. (b)
Sol.
(A)The fourth Industrial Revolution has swept the world, leaving its indelible impact on the shop floor, in stores, offices, boardrooms and beyond.
(C)The fusion of technologies that characterises this revolution has triggered a wave of transformative change, impacting society in ways we could not have imagined earlier and at a pace that we have not seen before.
(G)The benefits of digital technologies are many. They have the power to revolutionise society as, for the first time, the disadvantaged have access to information, services, skilling opportunities
(B) and markets that can enable them to improve their lives. However, as in the case of the earlier Industrial Revolutions, this one too, brings formidable challenges for society.
(D) The frenetic speed of digital adoption and the entry of machines is making the skills of millions of people irrelevant almost overnight.
(F) It also raises the need to determine what a machine should do and which tasks should remain under a human’s purview.
(H) As a result, the conversation in technological and business circles is moving from a purely business-focused view of technology application to one that is more human-centric.
Hence, our correct sequence is “ACGBDFH”.

S12. Ans. (c)
Sol.
(A)The fourth Industrial Revolution has swept the world, leaving its indelible impact on the shop floor, in stores, offices, boardrooms and beyond.
(C)The fusion of technologies that characterises this revolution has triggered a wave of transformative change, impacting society in ways we could not have imagined earlier and at a pace that we have not seen before.
(G)The benefits of digital technologies are many. They have the power to revolutionise society as, for the first time, the disadvantaged have access to information, services, skilling opportunities
(B) and markets that can enable them to improve their lives. However, as in the case of the earlier Industrial Revolutions, this one too, brings formidable challenges for society.
(D) The frenetic speed of digital adoption and the entry of machines is making the skills of millions of people irrelevant almost overnight.
(F) It also raises the need to determine what a machine should do and which tasks should remain under a human’s purview.
(H) As a result, the conversation in technological and business circles is moving from a purely business-focused view of technology application to one that is more human-centric.
Hence, our correct sequence is “ACGBDFH”.

S13. Ans. (b)
Sol.
(A)The fourth Industrial Revolution has swept the world, leaving its indelible impact on the shop floor, in stores, offices, boardrooms and beyond.
(C)The fusion of technologies that characterises this revolution has triggered a wave of transformative change, impacting society in ways we could not have imagined earlier and at a pace that we have not seen before.
(G)The benefits of digital technologies are many. They have the power to revolutionise society as, for the first time, the disadvantaged have access to information, services, skilling opportunities
(B) and markets that can enable them to improve their lives. However, as in the case of the earlier Industrial Revolutions, this one too, brings formidable challenges for society.
(D) The frenetic speed of digital adoption and the entry of machines is making the skills of millions of people irrelevant almost overnight.
(F) It also raises the need to determine what a machine should do and which tasks should remain under a human’s purview.
(H) As a result, the conversation in technological and business circles is moving from a purely business-focused view of technology application to one that is more human-centric.
Hence, our correct sequence is “ACGBDFH”.

S14 Ans. (d)
Sol.
(A)The fourth Industrial Revolution has swept the world, leaving its indelible impact on the shop floor, in stores, offices, boardrooms and beyond.
(C)The fusion of technologies that characterises this revolution has triggered a wave of transformative change, impacting society in ways we could not have imagined earlier and at a pace that we have not seen before.
(G)The benefits of digital technologies are many. They have the power to revolutionise society as, for the first time, the disadvantaged have access to information, services, skilling opportunities
(B) and markets that can enable them to improve their lives. However, as in the case of the earlier Industrial Revolutions, this one too, brings formidable challenges for society.
(D) The frenetic speed of digital adoption and the entry of machines is making the skills of millions of people irrelevant almost overnight.
(F) It also raises the need to determine what a machine should do and which tasks should remain under a human’s purview.
(H) As a result, the conversation in technological and business circles is moving from a purely business-focused view of technology application to one that is more human-centric.
Hence, our correct sequence is “ACGBDFH”.

S15. Ans. (e)
Sol.
(A)The fourth Industrial Revolution has swept the world, leaving its indelible impact on the shop floor, in stores, offices, boardrooms and beyond.
(C)The fusion of technologies that characterises this revolution has triggered a wave of transformative change, impacting society in ways we could not have imagined earlier and at a pace that we have not seen before.
(G)The benefits of digital technologies are many. They have the power to revolutionise society as, for the first time, the disadvantaged have access to information, services, skilling opportunities
(B) and markets that can enable them to improve their lives. However, as in the case of the earlier Industrial Revolutions, this one too, brings formidable challenges for society.
(D) The frenetic speed of digital adoption and the entry of machines is making the skills of millions of people irrelevant almost overnight.
(F) It also raises the need to determine what a machine should do and which tasks should remain under a human’s purview.
(H) As a result, the conversation in technological and business circles is moving from a purely business-focused view of technology application to one that is more human-centric.
Hence, our correct sequence is “ACGBDFH”.

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