English Vocab


The most remarkable (असाधारण/अनूठा/विलक्षण) thing about the PM’s speech from the ramparts of the Red Fort on Independence Day was its omission (चूक/लोप/लुप्ति) — of any reference to the ongoing standoff in neighbouring Bhutan, next to the where the borders of India, China and Bhutan meet, with the People’sLiberation (मुक्ति/विमुक्ति) Army. The rhetoric (वक्रपटुता/अलंकार
शास्र/भाषण कला) on the Chinese side had been met with firm refusal to comply with China’s demand that Indian troops (सैनिकों/सैन्य दल) withdraw, without any answering rhetoric from New Delhi. This tactic (युक्ति/कार्यनीति/युद्ध-नीति/व्यूहरचना) found its most obvious(ज़ाहिर/स्पष्ट) expression (अभिव्यक्ति/मुखाकृति/अभिव्यंजना) in the Prime Minister’s refusal to mention the word Dokalam in his speech. This is sound. India protects its interest and leaves it to China to act the aggressor(आक्रामक/आक्रमणकारी).
PM Narendra Modi did not surprise anyone when he claimed that demonetisation has helped unearth black money and that his crackdown (कार्रवाई) on black money will spare no one. The claims to be accelerating the pace of rail and road construction, too, were on predictable (उम्मीद के मुताबिक/भविष्‍यवचनीय) line. That he had to repeat the claim of bringing power to villages that had been kept dark till now, a major theme in his Independence Day speech last year, stands testimony ( गवाही/साक्ष्य/प्रत्यय) to the challenge the last mile presents in such tasks. Where the PM broke new ground was in making an unequivocal (स्पष्ट/सुबोध/साफ़-जाहिर)commitment to social cohesion and rejection of jingoism. Violence in the name of faith is not acceptable, he said. This is most welcome.
He should keep saying this and get the state machinery (मशीनरी/तन्त्र) to live up to this claim. Neither abuse nor bullets (na gaali se, na goli se) can solve the Kashmir problem, he said. We hope this sentiment will inform the response of the government and to the demand raised by Sangh Parivar outfits to end Kashmir’s special constitutional status.
More explicitly than in any of his three previous Independence Day speeches, the PM
deployed (तैनात/खोलना) India at 75 as the focus of his government, rather than the outcome of the next general elections. This lays the ground not only for schemes and the inspiration (प्रेरणा स्त्रोत/प्रेरणा) to build a New India but also for preparing the electorate for the continuity of a Modiled government all the way up to 2022. In sum, another bravura performance by the Prime Minister.
1. Remarkable (असाधारण/अनूठा/विलक्षण)
Synonyms: Extraordinary, Amazing, Astonishing, Astounding, Marvelous
2. Omission (चूक/लोप/लुप्ति)
Synonyms: Exclusion, Leaving out, Exception, Deletion, Cut, Excision, Elimination, Erasur
3. Rhetoric (वक्रपटुता/अलंकार शास्र/भाषण कला)
Synonyms: Oratory, Eloquence
4. Tactic (युक्ति/कार्यनीति/युद्ध-नीति/व्यूहरचना)
Synonyms: Strategy, Scheme, Stratagem, Plan, Maneuver, Method, Expedient
5. Expression (अभिव्यक्ति/मुखाकृति/अभिव्यंजना)
Synonyms: Idiom, Phrase, Idiomatic Expression, Proverb, Saying, Adage
6. Testimony ( गवाही/साक्ष्य/प्रत्यय)
Synonyms: Evidence, Attestation, Affidavit, Statement, Declaration
7. Unequivocal (स्पष्ट/सुबोध/साफ़-जाहिर)
Synonyms: Unambiguous, Unmistakable, Indisputable, Incontrovertible, Indubitable
8. Machinery (मशीनरी/तन्त्र)
Synonyms: Equipment, Apparatus, Hardware, Gear, Plant
9. Inspiration (प्रेरणा स्त्रोत/प्रेरणा)
Synonyms: Creativity, Inventiveness, Ingenuity, Genius, Imagination, Originality
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