English Quiz

Directions (1-15): In each of the following questions, a statement is given with two blanks. Followed by two columns, Column (A) contains words that might fill in the first blank and Column (B) contains words that might fill in the second blank. Choose among the options, the right pair of words that can fill in the blanks consecutively to make the sentence grammatically correct and contextually meaningful. If none of the options could fill in the blanks, mark your answer, “None of the above; (e)”.

Q1. A landmark report on diet and ____________________ by the EAT-Lancet Commission in 2019 concluded that it is possible to feed a population of 10bn sustainably if radical action is taken to ____________________ dietary habits and food production.
Column (A)
(1) privatisation
(2) sustainability
(3) inefficiency
Column (B)
(4) deterrent
(5) revolutionize
(6) demand
(a) 1-4
(b) 2-5
(c) 3-6
(d) Both (a) & (b)
(e) None of the above

Q2. Water is an _________________ basic human necessity, and each person adds to demand Threats to fresh water are even more __________________.
Column (A)
(1) absolute
(2) delegate
(3) profound
Column (B)
(4) critical
(5) enlarged
(6) arduous
(a) 1-4
(b) 2-5
(c) 3-6
(d) Both (a) & (b)
(e) None of the above

Q3. Farmers and other consumers would find the situation _________________ if heavy subsidies did not ________________ them from the unpleasant reality.
Column (A)
(1) ceased
(2) evaluations
(3) intolerable
Column (B)
(4) durability
(5) oppose
(6) buffer
(a) 1-4
(b) 2-5
(c) 3-6
(d) Both (a) & (b)
(e) None of the above

Q4. Climate change appears to be _______________ pace, with the four years since 2015 being the hottest on ________________.
Column (A)
(1) convenient
(2) gathering
(3) candid
Column (B)
(4) bore
(5) record
(6) pervasive
(a) 1-4
(b) 2-5
(c) 3-6
(d) Both (a) & (b)
(e) None of the above

Q5. The Paris Agreement on climate ______________ signals the end of business as usual for ______________ industries.
Column (A)
(1) change
(2) retail
(3) ban
Column (B)
(4) energy
(5) electrified
(6) extend
(a) 1-4
(b) 2-5
(c) 3-6
(d) Both (a) & (b)
(e) None of the above

Q6. When the International Energy Agency (IEA) was formed in 1974, _____________ over climate change was in its _______________.
Column (A)
(1) concern
(2) where
(3) wise
Column (B)
(4) infancy
(5) fascination
(6) block
(a) 1-4
(b) 2-5
(c) 3-6
(d) Both (a) & (b)
(e) None of the above

Q7. Global progress towards ________________ a 100% renewable energy future is being made at an _________________ rapid pace.
Column (A)
(1) failure
(2) laconic
(3) achieving
Column (B)
(4) upfront
(5) enriched
(6) incredibly
(a) 1-4
(b) 2-5
(c) 3-6
(d) Both (a) & (b)
(e) None of the above

Q8. Nuclear energy could help in the battle to ______________ greenhouse gas emissions, but for many the production of nuclear waste _______________ this advantage.
Column (A)
(1) reduce
(2) pile
(3) volatile
Column (B)
(4) outweighs
(5) observed
(6) walked
(a) 1-4
(b) 2-5
(c) 3-6
(d) Both (a) & (b)
(e) None of the above

Q9. Nuclear energy is back in the public eye in light of the ________________ about climate change and the need for a _________________ energy supply.
Column (A)
(1) prejudice
(2) concerns
(3) broadness
Column (B)
(4) dreaming
(5) sustainable
(6) futile
(a) 1-4
(b) 2-5
(c) 3-6
(d) Both (a) & (b)
(e) None of the above

Q10. Building a new global energy ________________ to improve efficiency and tackle global warming ________________ political leadership.
Column (A)
(1) deep
(2) serious
(3) strategy
Column (B)
(4) usual
(5) longer
(6) requires
(a) 1-4
(b) 2-5
(c) 3-6
(d) Both (a) & (b)
(e) None of the above

Q11. As biofuel production grew fourfold from 2000 to 2008, _______________ of the industry seemed to increase nearly as __________________.
Column (A)
(1) status
(2) opinion
(3) criticism
Column (B)
(4) encouraged
(5) unduly
(6) dramatically
(a) 1-4
(b) 2-5
(c) 3-6
(d) Both (a) & (b)
(e) None of the above

Q12. Efficient and ___________________ water pricing systems provide _______________ for efficient water use and for water quality protection.
Column (A)
(1) effective
(2) quick
(3) great
Column (B)
(4) incentives
(5) confined
(6) keen
(a) 1-4
(b) 2-5
(c) 3-6
(d) Both (a) & (b)
(e) None of the above

Q13. Digital transformation is raising concerns about labour market polarisation and skill __________________, breaches of privacy and security, growing market power for leading firms, and tax ________________ and aggressive tax avoidance.
Column (A)
(1) careful
(2) similar
(3) mismatches
Column (B)
(4) increase
(5) obligatory
(6) evasion
(a) 1-4
(b) 2-5
(c) 3-6
(d) Both (a) & (b)
(e) None of the above

Q14. The OECD assists countries in developing and __________________ policies and instruments that make their systems for managing chemicals as efficient and robust as possible, while _______________ human health and the environment.
Column (A)
(1) impatience
(2) implementing
(3) reason
Column (B)
(4) wealth
(5) protecting
(6) bereft
(a) 1-4
(b) 2-5
(c) 3-6
(d) Both (a) & (b)
(e) None of the above

Q15. Bargaining about rates could be treated as _________________ by competition authorities since it could be __________________ to consumers.
Column (A)
(1) collusion
(2) energize
(3) civilized
Column (B)
(4) detrimental
(5) valuable
(6) upfront
(a) 1-4
(b) 2-5
(c) 3-6
(d) Both (a) & (b)
(e) None of the above

Solutions

S1. Ans. (b)
Sol. The words ‘sustainability’ and ‘revolutionize’ can fill in the blanks consecutively to make the sentence grammatically correct and contextually meaningful. Hence, option (b) is the right answer choice.

S2. Ans. (a)
Sol. The words ‘absolute’ and ‘critical’ can fill in the blanks consecutively to make the sentence grammatically correct and contextually meaningful. Hence, option (a) is the right answer choice.

S3. Ans. (c)
Sol. The words ‘intolerable’ and ‘buffer’ can fill in the blanks consecutively to make the sentence grammatically correct and contextually meaningful. Hence, option (c) is the right answer choice.

S4. Ans. (b)
Sol. The words ‘gathering’ and ‘record’ can fill in the blanks consecutively to make the sentence grammatically correct and contextually meaningful. Hence, option (b) is the right answer choice.

S5. Ans. (a)
Sol. The words ‘change’ and ‘energy’ can fill in the blanks consecutively to make the sentence grammatically correct and contextually meaningful. Hence, option (a) is the right answer choice.

S6. Ans. (a)
Sol. The words ‘concern’ and ‘infancy’ can fill in the blanks consecutively to make the sentence grammatically correct and contextually meaningful. Hence, option (a) is the right answer choice.

S7. Ans. (c)
Sol. The words ‘achieving’ and ‘incredibly’ can fill in the blanks consecutively to make the sentence grammatically correct and contextually meaningful. Hence, option (c) is the right answer choice.

S8. Ans. (a)
Sol. The words ‘reduce’ and ‘outweighs’ can fill in the blanks consecutively to make the sentence grammatically correct and contextually meaningful. Hence, option (a) is the right answer choice.

S9. Ans. (b)
Sol. The words ‘concerns’ and ‘sustainable’ can fill in the blanks consecutively to make the sentence grammatically correct and contextually meaningful. Hence, option (b) is the right answer choice.

S10. Ans. (c)
Sol. The words ‘strategy’ and ‘requires’ can fill in the blanks consecutively to make the sentence grammatically correct and contextually meaningful. Hence, option (c) is the right answer choice.

S11. Ans. (c)
Sol. The words ‘criticism’ and ‘dramatically’ can fill in the blanks consecutively to make the sentence grammatically correct and contextually meaningful. Hence, option (c) is the right answer choice.

S12. Ans. (a)
Sol. The words ‘effective’ and ‘incentives’ can fill in the blanks consecutively to make the sentence grammatically correct and contextually meaningful. Hence, option (a) is the right answer choice.

S13. Ans. (c)
Sol. The words ‘mismatches’ and ‘evasion’ can fill in the blanks consecutively to make the sentence grammatically correct and contextually meaningful. Hence, option (c) is the right answer choice.

S14. Ans. (b)
Sol. The words ‘implementing’ and ‘protecting’ can fill in the blanks consecutively to make the sentence grammatically correct and contextually meaningful. Hence, option (b) is the right answer choice.

S15. Ans. (a)
Sol. The words ‘collusion’ and ‘detrimental’ can fill in the blanks consecutively to make the sentence grammatically correct and contextually meaningful. Hence, option (a) is the right answer choice.

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