English Quiz

Directions (1-8): In each of the following questions below, a sentence is given with some bold words which may contain errors. Below each of the sentence, a table is given with two columns in which column ‘A’ contains the list of bold words, and in column ‘B’ the suggested corrections are listed. You have to choose the best alternative among the four given options and answer them. 
Q1. In the last week of November 2019, five opposition-ruled states issued a statement that suggested that slowing industrial from goods and services tax (GST) had begun to affect their finances.
Column A
(1) opposition
(2) industrial
(3) finances
Column B
(4) continent
(5) revenues
(6) civilisations
(a)(1-4)
(b) (2-5)
(c) (3-6)
(d) Both (a) & (b)
(e) All of these

Q2. Taking forward Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s Independence Day announcement on investing 100 trillion in infrastructure, the government has put out a National Infrastructure Pipeline and is currently targeting investments worth -102 trillion by 2024-25.
Column A
(1) Taking
(2) infrastructure
(3) investments
Column B
(4) retaining
(5) centralised
(6) curtail
(a)(1-4)
(b) (2-5)
(c) (3-6)
(d) Both (b) & (c)
(e) No Correction Required

Q3.  Since the government cannot touch its tendency such as interest payment and salaries, invariably, it is the capital expenditure that gets affected.
Column A
(1) government
(2) tendency
(3) invariably
Column B
(4) politically
(5) obligations
(6) deemed
(a)(1-4)
(b) (2-5)
(c) (3-6)
(d) Both (a) & (c)
(e) All of these

Q4. The government’s move to revisit the flagship crop insurance scheme — the Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY) — is a welcome step to make this well-intentioned risk-mitigation measure beneficial for the farmers
Column A
(1) separatist
(2) intentioned
(3) spending
Column B
(4) revisit
(5) release
(6) mitigation
(a)  (1-4)
(b) (2-5)
(c) (3-6)
(d) Both (a) & (c)
(e) All of these

Q5. Empowering the states to notify the crops, the extent of the land, and the maximum sum that can be insured have also contributed to the downfall of the PMFBY.
Column A
(1) Recommending
(2) maximum
(3) contributed
Column B
(4) Empowering
(5) advent
(6) combat
(a) (1-4)
(b) (2-5)
(c) (3-6)
(d) Both (b) & (c)
(e) No Corrections required

Q6. Though the scheme envisages the use of technology, notably satellite imaging, to expedite the assessment of crop losses, it has so far not happened to the desired extent.
Column A
(1) envisages
(2) expedite
(3) measure
Column B
(4) dissuade
(5) hold
(6) extent
(a) (1-4)
(b) (2-5)
(c) (3-6)
(d) Both (a) & (b)
(e) All of these

Q7. Donald Trump’s election as President of United States, still the world’s most powerful country in spite of its relative decline, has not only impacted that country’s domestic economy and polity but also — and more importantly — the world at large and individual countries, both domestically and in their bilateral relationship with the US.
Column A
(1) powerful
(2) economy
(3) shelve
Column B
(4)powerless 
(5) nonchalant
(6) bilateral
(a)  (1-4)
(b) (2-5)
(c) (3-6)
(d) Both (a) & (b)
(e) All of these

Q8. In a trade-friendly development, the goods toll charged at the entry points to J&K has been done away with, something which has been a longstanding demand in the region.
Column A
(1) multiple
(2) entered
(3) inner
Column B
(4) friendly
(5) charged
(6) longstanding
(a) (1-4)
(b) (2-5)
(c) (3-6)
(d) Both (b) & (c)
(e) All of these (a), (b) and (c)

Directions(9-15): In the question given below, there is a sentence in which one part is given in bold. The part given in bold may or may not be grammatically correct. Choose the best alternative among the four given which can replace the part in bold to make the sentence grammatically correct. If the part given in bold is already correct and does not require any replacement, choose option (e), i.e. “No replacement required” as your answer.

Q9. Contrarily, the people of ________________________________________ get to the Mall and the Ridge to celebrate the New Year. 
(a) our locality have leave home to
(b) our locality  has leaving home to 
(c) our locality were leaving home to
(d) our locality had been left home to
(e) No replacement required 

Q10. The decision taken over a decade ago __________________________________________ thus earning more revenue was unconscionably delayed because the revenue people were pushing it but technical people saw nothing in it for themselves.
(a) to regularise overloading of wagons and
(b) to regular overloading of wagons and
(c)  regularises overloads for wagons and
(d) regularisation to overload of wagons and
(e) No replacement required 

Q11. Traditionally, ___________________________________________________ as the first among equals, and when departments have fought among themselves, a decision has simply been postponed.
(a) the board of railway chairman presides over meetings
(b) the railway board chairman will presided over meetings
(c) the railway board chairman will be presided after the meetings
(d) the railway board chairman has presided over meetings
(e) No replacement required 

Q12. The month-long State-wide mass fasting Satyagraha of the Bangla Congress was called off this morning, ______________________________________________________movement against “rampant violence and lawlessness” in West Bengal.
(a) marks the ending to the first phase of the party’s resistance 
(b) marked the ended against the first phase of the party’s resistance
(c) marking the ending of the first phase of the part’ys resistance
(d) marking the end of the first phase of the party’s resistance
(e) No replacement required 

Q13. Restoration of every legitimate right taken away from citizens needs to be welcomed, but the incremental and slow process does little good in minimising the enormous trust _______________________________________________________.
(a) deficit that has been allowed to fester
(b) deficit that have been allow to festering
(c) deficit that has been allow to fester
(d) deficit that has been allow to festering
(e) No replacement required 

Q14. At a time when agrarian distress is quite pronounced, and while India ranks 102 among 117 countries in the Global Hunger Index-2019, _______________________________________
(a) the countries granaries is overflowing
(b) the country’s granaries are overflowing.
(c) the country’s granaries has overflow
(d) the country  granary has been overflown
(e) No replacement required 

Q15. In a country where only six per cent farmers get the benefit of MSP, ___________________________________________ to 94 per cent of the remaining farmers and thereby help in price discovery.
(a) markets failed miserable to provide a better price
(b) market failed to miserably to provide a better price
(c) markets have failed miserably to provide a better price
(d) markets has been failed miserably to providing a better price
(e) No replacement required 

Solutions

S1. Ans. (b)
Sol. Here, (b) need a correction. After correcting option (b), it will make the sentences contextually and grammatically correct. This makes the correct arrangement:
In the last week of November 2019, five opposition-ruled states issued a statement that suggested that slowing revenues from goods and services tax (GST) had begun to affect their finances.

S2. Ans. (e)
Sol. Here, the sentence is absolutely correct. No any interchange is needed. This makes the correct arrangement: ‘Taking forward Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s Independence Day announcement on investing 100 trillion in infrastructure, the government has put out a National Infrastructure Pipeline and is currently targeting investments worth -102 trillion by 2024-25’.

S3. Ans. (b)
Sol. Here, (b) need a correction. After the correcting option (b), it will make the sentences contextually and grammatically correct. This makes the correct arrangement: 
Since the government cannot touch its obliigations such as interest payment and salaries, invariably, it is the capital expenditure that gets affected.

S4. Ans. (d)
Sol. Here, (d) need a correction. After correcting both (a) & (c)’will make the sentences contextually and grammatically correct. This makes the correct arrangement: 
The government’s move to revisit the flagship crop insurance scheme — the Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY) — is a welcome step to make this well-intentioned risk-mitigation measure beneficial for the farmers.

S5. Ans. (a)
Sol. Here, (a) need a correction. After correcting ‘Empowering’ with the ‘Recommending’, it will make the sentences contextually and grammatically correct. This makes the correct arrangement: 
Empowering the states to notify the crops, the extent of the land, and the maximum sum that can be insured have also contributed to the downfall of the PMFBY.

S6. Ans. (c)
Sol. Here, (c) need a correction. After correcting option (c), it will make the sentences contextually and grammatically correct. This makes the correct arrangement: 
Though the scheme envisages the use of technology, notably satellite imaging, to expedite the assessment of crop losses, it has so far not happened to the desired extent.

S7. Ans. (c)
Sol. Here, (c) need a correction. After correcting ‘shelve’ with the ‘bilateral’ it will make the sentences contextually and grammatically correct. This makes the correct arrangement: 
Donald Trump’s election as President of United States, still the world’s most powerful country in spite of its relative decline, has not only impacted that country’s domestic economy and polity but also — and more importantly — the world at large and individual countries, both domestically and in their bilateral relationship with the US.

S8. Ans. (e)
Sol. Here, (e) is the correct option. After correcting all (1), (2) & (3) with the (4), (5) & (6) respectively, it will make the sentences contextually and grammatically correct. This makes the correct arrangement: 
In a trade-friendly development, the goods toll charged at the entry points to J&K has been done away with, something which has been a longstanding demand in the region.

S9. Ans. (c)
Sol. The correct option is option (c).So, after correction the sentence thus formed is “Contrarily, the people of our locality were leaving home to get to the Mall and the Ridge to celebrate the New Year. 

S10. Ans. (a)
Sol. The correct option is option (a).So, after correction the sentence thus formed is 
“The decision taken over a decade ago to regularise overloading of wagons and thus earning more revenue was unconscionably delayed because the revenue people were pushing it but technical people saw nothing in it for themselves.” 

S11. Ans. (d)
Sol. The correct option is option (d). So, after the correction, the sentence thus formed is ‘Traditionally, the railway board chairman has presided over meetings as the first among equals, and when departments have fought among themselves, a decision has simply been postponed.’

S12. Ans. (d)
Sol. The correct option is option (d). So, after the correction, the sentence thus formed is
 ‘The month-long State-wide mass fasting Satyagraha of the Bangla Congress was called off this morning, marking the end of the first phase of the party’s resistance movement against “rampant violence and lawlessness” in West Bengal.

S13. Ans. (a)
Sol. The correct option is option (a). The sentence thus formed is ‘Restoration of every legitimate right taken away from citizens needs to be welcomed, but the incremental and slow process does little good in minimising the enormous trust deficit that has been allowed to fester’. 

S14. Ans. (b)
Sol.The correct option is option (b). The sentence thus formed is ‘At a time when agrarian distress is quite pronounced, and while India ranks 102 among 117 countries in the Global Hunger Index-2019, the country’s granaries are overflowing.’

S15. Ans. (c)
Sol.The correct option is option (c). The sentence thus formed is ‘In a country where only six per cent farmers get the benefit of MSP, markets have failed miserably to provide a better price to 94 per cent of the remaining farmers and thereby help in price discovery.’

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