English Vocab

(i) Duplicitous (Adj.): marked by deliberate deceptiveness especially by pretending one set of feelings and acting under the influence of another.
उच्चारण: डूप्लिसिटस

हिंदी अनुवाद: चालबाज़, धोखेबाज़, दोहरी नीतियों वाला
समानार्थक शब्द:  Deceitful, Double-Dealing, Two-Faced, Hypocritical, Dishonest, Treacherous, Undependable, Crafty, Shifty, Devious, Cunning, Tricky, Ambidextrous, False
विलोम शब्द: Straightforward, Good, Truthful, Sincere, Authentic, TRUE, Unsophisticated, Candid, Faithful, Artless, Factual Hearty
प्रयोग: The person was possessive, duplicitous and unreasonable.
अर्थ: वह व्यक्ति अधिकारात्‍मक, चालबाज़ और अनुचित था।
(ii) Caustic (Adj.): able to burn or corrode organic tissue by chemical action.
उच्चारण: कास्टिक / कॉस्टिक / कॉस्टिक
हिंदी अनुवाद: कटु, ठोर, काटू, क्षारक, जलानेवाला, तिक्त, तीखा, दाहक, प्रदाहक, कटू, सख़्त
समानार्थक शब्द:  Bitter, Acid, Biting, Sharp, Acrimonious, Sarcastic, Mordant, Acerbic, Cutting, Acrid, Trenchant, Harsh, Virulent
विलोम शब्द: Mild, Gentle, Soothing, Calm, Bland, Kind, Pleasant, Sweet, Humble, Genial, Gracious, Polite, Smooth, Benign
प्रयोग: The caustic critics were attracting more attention.
अर्थ: कटु आलोचक अधिक ध्यान आकर्षित कर रहे थे।
(iii) Variance (N.): the fact or quality of being different, divergent, or inconsistent.
उच्चारण: वेरीअन्स
हिंदी अनुवाद: अंतर, अनबन, असहमति, झगड़ा, परिवर्तन, परिवर्तनशीलता, प्रसरण, फूट, भिन्नता, भेद, मतभेद, रद्दोबदल, विरोध, विवाद, फ़र्क, फ़ेरबदल
समानार्थक शब्द:  Difference, Discrepancy, Divergence, Variation, Disagreement, Conflict, Disparity, Diversity, Deviation, Dissimilarity, Division, Change, Dissension
विलोम शब्द: Agreement, Concord, Concurrence, Consistency, Harmony, Invariableness, Invariability, Accord, Peace, Sameness, Unanimity, Unison, Unity, Uniformity
प्रयोग: The analysis is somewhat at variance with the facts.
अर्थ: विश्लेषण कुछ हद तक तथ्यों के साथ भिन्न है।
(iv) Obtrusive (Adj.): noticeable or prominent in an unwelcome or intrusive way.
उच्चारण: अब्ट्रूसिव
हिंदी अनुवाद: बाधक, निकला हुआ, तंग करनेवाला, अधिक प्रार्थना करनेवाला
समानार्थक शब्द:  Meddlesome, Forward, Prominent, Officious, Noticeable, Interfering, Intrusive, Pushy, Blatant, Importunate, Impertinent, Presumptuous, Projecting
विलोम शब्द: Unobtrusive, Modest, Quiet, Unassuming, Inconspicuous, Helpful, Beneficial, Advantageous, Friendly, Handy, Invisible, Useful, Unpretentious
प्रयोग: Try to wear a colour that is less obtrusive.
अर्थ: ऐसा रंग पहनने की कोशिश करें जो कम बाधक हो।
(v) Strenuous (Adj.): requiring or using great exertion.
उच्चारण: स्ट्रेन्यूअस
हिंदी अनुवाद: अध्यवसायी, इच्छुक, उद्योगी, कठोर, ज़ोरदार, दृढ़, प्रचण्ड, वीर, शूर, श्रमसाध्य, सख्त, सोत्साह, हठी, अति उत्साही, कठिन प्रयास
समानार्थक शब्द:  Arduous, Laborious, Tough, Difficult, Hard, Toilsome, Exhausting, Active, Vigorous, Energetic, Onerous, Demanding, Burdensome,
विलोम शब्द: Effortless, Easy, Royal, Facile, Lethargic, Simple, Mild, Soft, Cheap, Undemanding, Elementary, Fun, Apathetic
प्रयोग: He needs to avoid strenuous exercises after surgery.
अर्थ: उसे शल्यचिकित्सा के बाद कड़े अभ्यास से बचने की जरूरत है।
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