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English Vocab

1. Proclivity (noun): A habitual attraction to some activity or thing. (झुकाव, प्रवृत्ति)
Synonyms:  Disposition, Propensity, Penchant, Predilection
Antonyms: Allergy, Averseness, Aversion, Dislike

Example: She showed artistic proclivities at an early age.
2. Indoctrination (noun): The process of teaching a person or group to accept a set of beliefs uncritically. (दिमाग को भरने की स्थिति, यक़ीन दिलाना)
Synonyms: Education, Training, Brainwashing, Teaching, Tuition
Example: Non-Jewish children in Germany were fed political indoctrination and taught to hate other races.
3. Opprobrium (noun): Harsh criticism or censure. (अपमान, तिरस्कार)
Synonyms: Obloquy, Ignominy, Excoriation, Condemnation
Antonyms: Honor, Respect
Example: The celebrity chef earned opprobrium when she made a racial slur in front of the media.   
4. Ostracization (noun): Banishment from a society or group. (समाज से बाहर निकालना, बहिष्कार करना)
Synonyms: Exclude, Banish, Shun, Expel
 Antonyms: Welcome, Include, Embrace
Example: The other girls ostracized her because of the way she dressed.
5. Infraction (noun): A violation or infringement of a law or agreement. (अतिक्रमण, अपराध, उल्लंघन)
Synonyms: Infringement, Transgression, Contravention, Breach
Antonyms: Obedience, Non-Violation, Conformity
Example: Speeding is only a minor infraction, but vehicular homicide is a serious felony.
6. Contrived (adj): Created or arranged in a way that seems artificial, false and unrealistic. (अवास्तविक)  
Synonyms: Artificial, Fake, Pretended, Unnatural 
Antonyms: Unfeigned, Genuine, Spontaneous
Example: The contrived applause of a TV studio audience that has been told when to clap.
7. Thwart (verb): Prevent (someone) from accomplishing something. (नकाम बनाना)
Synonyms: Frustrate, Foil, Obstruct, Hinder
Antonyms: Facilitate, Assist, Aid
Example: Her ambition to become an artist was thwarted by failing eyesight.
Related: Thwarted, Thwarted
8. Potency (noun): The power or ability to exert effort for the accomplishment of a task. (शक्ति, बल)
Synonyms: Strength, Puissance, Potential, Efficacy, Effectiveness
Antonyms: Powerlessness, Weakness, Incapacity, Inability
Example: Vitamins of high potency that should be taken only in the proper dosage.
9. Shudder (verb): To tremble with a sudden convulsive movement, as from horror, fear, or cold. (काँप उठना, थरथराना)
Synonyms: Shiver, Trembling, Tremor, Quiver
Antonyms: Steady, Unwavering
Example: I don't like to think about getting close to him - it makes me shudder.
Related: Shuddered, Shuddered
10. Vantage Point (noun): A place, especially a high place, that provides a good, clear view of an area: (सुविधाजनक स्थान, प्रेक्षण-स्थल)
Synonyms: Outlook, Perspective, Standpoint, Viewpoint
Example: From my vantage point I could see into the front garden.
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