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English Vocab

1. Obfuscation (noun): To deliberately make something less clear and harder to understand. (असंबद्ध सूचना डालकर बात को अस्पष्ट करना, उलझाना)
Synonyms: Mystification, Bewilderment, Bemusement, Befuddlement

Antonyms: Clarification, Elucidation, Illumination
Example: When confronted with sharp questions they resort to obfuscation.    
2. Candour (noun): The quality of being open and honest. (सच्चापन, निष्कपटता)
Synonyms: Frankness, Candidness, Outspokenness, Unreserved
 Antonyms: Deceit, Dishonesty, Chicanery, Fraud
 Example: The politician’s candour and honesty made him the favourite candidate in the election.
3. Fortuitous (adj): Happening by a lucky chance. (संयोगी, भाग्यशाली)
Synonyms: Accidental, Fluky, Inadvertent, Unintentional, Unpremeditated 
Antonyms: Premeditated, Intentional, Deliberate
Example: Your arrival just before the thunderstorm was fortuitous
4. Feign (noun): To present a false appearance of. (बहाना करना, ढोंग करना)
Synonyms: Pretend, Sham, Fake, Bluff
Antonyms: True, Honest
Example: I would never feign illness just to get out of a test.
5. Smoking gun (idiom): Something that serves as conclusive evidence or proof. (सबूत)
Synonyms: Clue, Evidence, Proof
Example: This document is the smoking gun that proves that he was lying.
6. Inextricable (adj): Impossible to disentangle or separate. (उलझा हुआ, जटिल)
Synonyms: Knotty, Complicated, Inseparable, Intricate, Tangled
Antonyms: Simple, Separable, Extricable
Example: An inextricable knot.
7. Jettison (verb): To get rid of something or someone that is not wanted or needed. (गैर ज़रूरी सामानों को फेंक कर उनसे छुटकारा पाना)
Synonyms: Discard, Dispose, Dump, Riddance, Scrap
Antonyms: Keep, Retain, Accumulation, Acquisition
Example: With his ship rapidly sinking, the captain ordered a last-ditch jettison of much of its cargo.
Related: Jettisoned, Jettisoned
8. Indigenous (adj): Belonging to a particular place by birth or origin. (स्वदेशी)
Synonyms: Aboriginal, Domestic, National, Native
Antonyms: Imported, Alien, Exotic, Foreign 
Example: India has achieved another milestone after the first indigenous-built floating dock for the Indian Navy.
9. Outlay (noun): An amount of money spent on something. (खर्च, लागत)
Synonyms: Expenditure, Spending, Disbursement, Payment
Antonyms: Income, Savings
 Example: For a relatively small outlay, you can start a home hairdressing business.    
10. Sketchy (adj): Not thorough or detailed. (अधूरा)
Synonyms: Incomplete, Inadequate, Fragmentary, Vague
Antonyms: Detailed, Exhaustive, Full
Example:  Details of what actually happened are still sketchy.
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