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English Vocab

1. Acronym (noun): An abbreviation consisting of the first letters of each word in the name of something, pronounced as a word: (संक्षिप्त रूप, प्रथमाक्षरी शब्द)

Synonyms: Abbreviation, Acrostic, Contraction, Shortening
Antonyms: Expansion, Elaboration, Full-Form
Example: AIDS is an acronym for “Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome”.
 
2. Democles’ word (adjective): Any imminent, impending, or eventual trouble, danger, or disaster. (सर पर मंडराता हुआ ख़तरा)
Synonyms: Threat, Menace, Peril, Risk, Jeopardy
Antonyms: Safety, Protection, Security
Example: The threat of war has hung over the region like Damocles' sword for nearly a decade
 
3. Discernible (adjective): Able to be seen, recognized, or understood: (देख पड़ने योग्‍य, समझ में आने योग्य)
Synonyms: Detectable, Noticeable, Perceptible, Observable
Antonyms: Imperceptible, Indistinguishable, Hidden, Obscure
Example: Even though Jane used makeup to cover the bruises on her face, the marks were discernible to me.
          
4. Dichotomy (adjective): A difference between two completely opposite ideas or things. (द्विभाजन, बड़ा अंतर)
Synonyms: Contradiction, Incongruity, Polarity, Contrast
Antonyms: Similarity, Agreement, Sameness
Example: The huge dichotomy between the rich and the poor is one factor which separates the country.
 
5. Rabble-rousing (noun): Encouragement that a person gives to a group of people to behave violently or aggressively, often for that person's own political advantage. (भड़काने वाली, भीड़-गर्मजोशी)
Synonyms: Seditious, Provocative, Instigative, Incitive
Antonyms: Dissuade, Deter, Discourage 
Example: Critics have accused him of rabble-rousing.
 
6. Complicit (adjective): Involved with others in an activity that is unlawful or morally wrong. (बुरे काम में साझेदारी, अपराध में भागीदारी)
Synonyms: Conniving, Crafty, Abetment, Intrigue, Collusion
Antonyms: Forthright, Honest, Open, Straightforward
Example: He did not witness her execution, yet he and the others are complicit in her death.
 
7. Alarmist (noun): Someone who exaggerates a danger and so causes needless worry or panic. (भय उत्पन्न करनेवाला, भय फैलानेवाला)
Synonyms: Scaremonger, Pessimist, Doomsayer
Antonyms: Optimist, Pollyanna
Example: The government has dismissed newspaper reports of 200 dead as being alarmist         
 
8. Dither (verb): Be indecisive. (दुविधाग्रस्त होना)
Synonyms: Hesitate, Falter, Waver, Teeter, Vacillate
Antonyms: Determined, Certain, Steady, Unwavering
Example: Eliza is in a bit of a dither about what to wear for the interview.
Related: Dithered, Dithered
 
9. Persecution (noun): Hostility and ill-treatment, especially because of race or political or religious beliefs. (उत्पीड़न, अत्याचार, ज़ुल्म)
Synonyms: Torture, Oppression, Abuse, Victimisation
Antonyms: Succour, Aid, Help
Example: Many people flee from their countries to escape persecution.
 
10. Quell (verb): Put an end to (a rebellion or other disorder), typically by the use of force. (शांत करना, कुचलना, वश में करना)
Synonyms: Suppress, Extinguish, Quash, Subdue
Antonyms: Provoke, Incite, Encourage
Example: Extra police were called to quell the disturbance.
Related: Quelled, Quelled
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