English Vocab

1. Abrupt (adjective): Sudden and unexpected, and often unpleasant: (अचानक, आकस्मिक)
Synonyms: Brusque, Precipitous, Sudden, Unanticipated, Sharp. Steep

Antonyms: Gradual, Deliberate, Anticipated, Expected
Example: The car juddered and came to an abrupt halt in the middle of the road.
2. Implication (noun): A result or effect of an action or condition. (परिणाम, नतीजा)
Synonyms:  Consequence, Ramification, Aftermath, Result,
Antonyms: Cause, Source, Beginning, Inception
Example: A possible implication of texting while driving is an expensive fine.
3. Pull the plug (idiom): To do something that prevents an activity from continuing, especially by no longer giving money to support it: (किसी चीज़ को जारी रखने से रोकना)
Synonyms: Repeal, Cancel, Retract, Abrogate
Antonyms: Enact, Establish, Support, Enforce
Example: If the viewing figures drop much more, the TV network will probably pull the plug on the whole series.
4. Reek (verb): Smell strongly and unpleasantly; (दुर्गंध करना, बदबू)
Synonyms:  Funk, Stench, Stink, Acridness, Fetidness, Rancidity
Antonyms: Aroma, Fragrance, Perfume, Cologne
Example: The garbage cans needed to be cleaned when they began to reek.
Related: Reek, Reeked
5. Expedient (adjective): Helpful or useful in a particular situation, but sometimes not morally acceptable. (फ़ायदेमंद, लाभकारक, उचित)
Synonyms:  Advantageous, Beneficial, Profitable, Useful, Utilitarian, Desirable
Antonyms: Impractical, Profitless, Unfeasible, Unprofitable
Example: Given the fact the police will be looking for us soon, it is expedient we leave this apartment quickly!
6. Wisdom (noun): The quality of having experience, knowledge, and good judgement; (बुद्धिमत्ता, अक़्ल)
Synonyms: Sagacity, Astuteness, Acumen, Shrewdness, Sapience, Perspicaciousness
Antonyms: Stupidity, Folly, Inanity, Obtuseness
Example: Since the old woman has learned from her mistakes, she has a great deal ofwisdom.
7. Perplexing (adjective): Confusing and difficult to understand or solve: (हक्का-बक्का करने वाला, उलझाने वाला)
Synonyms: Puzzling, Baffling, Nonplussing, Confounding, Bewildering
Antonym: Straightforward, Easy, Simple, Untroublesome
Example: The rules of cricket are perplexing to most people.
8. Dissident (adjective) : Disagreeing especially with an established religious or political system, organization, or belief. (मतभेद रखनेवाला, विरोधी, असहमत)
Synonyms: Nonconforming, Heretic, Recusant, Schismatic,
Antonyms: Conforming, Agreeing, Adherent, Supporting
Example: There are some dissident elements within the organization
9. Perforce (adverb): Used to express necessity. (अनिवार्य रूप से)
Synonyms: Necessarily, Inevitably, Unavoidably, Inescapably
Antonyms: Unnecessarily, Possibly, Optionally, Doubtfully
Example: We must, perforce, deal with this issue immediately, as procrastination is not an option.
10. Vitiate (verb): To destroy or damage something: (भ्रष्ट करना, नुक़सान पहुंचाना, बिगाड़ना)
Synonyms:   Debase, Tarnish, Spoil, Besmirch, Debauch
Antonyms: Dignify, Ennoble, Enhance, Restore
Example: Development programs have been vitiated by the rise in population
Related: Vitiate, Vitiated
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