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English Vocab


1.    Flimsy (adjective) : Very thin, or easily broken or destroyed. (कच्चा, कमज़ोर, निर्बल)
Synonyms: Insubstantial, Slight, Light, Fragile, Breakable, Frail, Shaky, Unstable, Wobbly Ramshackle, Unbelievable

Antonyms: Sturdy, Substantial, Strong, Tough, Solid, Heavy, Thick, Sound, Plausible
Example: You won't be warm enough in that flimsy dress.

2.    Consolidate (verb) : To become, or cause something to become, stronger, and more certain (typically by combining). (मज़बूत बनाना, ठोस बनाना)
Synonyms: Combine, Unite, Merge, Integrate, Amalgamate, Fuse, Blend, Mingle
Antonyms: Separate, Lessen, Disperse, Weaken Dwindle, Recede, Subside, Taper (Off), Wane
Example: She hoped that marriage would consolidate their relationship.

3. Juxtapose (verb) : To put things that are not similar next to each other: (पास-पास रखना, तुलना करना)
Synonyms: Compare, Contrast, Collocate, Colligate, Abutting, Adjacent, Adjoining, Conterminous, Contiguous, Flanking, Fringing, Joining, Neighbouring,
Antonyms: Nonadjacent, Non-Contiguous, Apart, Detached, Disconnected, Discrete, Separate
Example:  The exhibition juxtaposes Picasso's early drawings with some of his later works.
Related: Juxtapose, Juxtaposed, Juxtaposed

4. Protean (adjective): Tending or able to change frequently or easily/ able to do many different kinds of things. (परिवर्तनशील, बहुरूपी)
Synonyms: Changing, Variable, Changeable, Mutable, Kaleidoscopic, Erratic, Quicksilver, Inconstant, Fluctuating, Versatile, Multifaceted, Adaptable, All- Rounder
Antonym: Constant, Consistent, Limited, Amateur, Inexperienced
Example: A protean actor is equally comfortable with light comedy and serious drama.

5. Instrumental (adjective): Something/someone that is important in causing something to happen: (सहायक, मददगार)
Synonyms: Involved, Active, Influential, Contributory, Helpful, Significant, Important
Antonyms: Useless, Unhelpful, Uninvolved, Obstructive
Example: As secretary of state, he was instrumental in the creation of NATO.

6. Despot (noun): A person, especially a ruler, who has unlimited power over other people, and often uses it unfairly and cruelly. (तानाशाह, निर्दयी शाशक)
Synonyms: Tyrant, Oppressor, Dictator, Absolute Ruler, Totalitarian, Autocrat
Antonyms: Democrat
Example: Once the despot killed his parents, he was able to run the country with an iron fist.

7. Stand-in (phrasal verb): A person who takes the place or does the job of another person: (किसी के स्थान पे काम करना)    
Synonyms: Deputize, Act, Substitute Replacement, Reserve Backup, Surrogate, Proxy
Example: Lorraine was ready to stand in if helen got sick.

8. Muster (verb): To produce or encourage something such as an emotion or support: (एकत्र करना, बटोरना)
Synonyms: Collect, Assemble, Gather, Congregate
Antonyms: Disperse, Separate, Adjourn, Scatter, Disband
Example: He managed to muster the courage to ask her to the cinema.
Related: Muster, Mustered, Mustered

9. Unwieldy (adjective) : (Of a system) too large or disorganized to function efficiently/ (of an object) difficult to move because of its size, shape, or weight. (भारी-भरकम, असंतुलित रूप से बड़ा, बोझिल)
Synonyms: Cumbersome, Unmanageable, Unhandy, Unmanoeuvrable; Awkward, Burdensome, Clumsy, Massive, Heavy, Hefty, Bulky, Weighty
Antonym:  Manageable, Convenient, Practical, Graceful, Handy
Example: Because the office paperwork has become unwieldy, the company is hiring a couple of temporary workers to help sort through the large stacks of paper.

10. Quotidian (adjective): Of or occurring every day; daily. (प्रतिदिन होनेवाला, साधारण, प्रतिदिन का)
Synonyms: Everyday, Ordinary, Commonplace, Daily, Routine, Mundane, Diurnal
Antonym: Unusual, Exciting, Extraordinary, Uncommon, Infrequent
 Example: Television has become part of our quotidian existence.



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