English Vocab

1. Strident (adjective): Expressing opinions or criticisms in a very forceful and often annoying or unpleasant way. (तीक्ष्ण)
Synonyms: Strict, Severe, Stern, Authoritarian, Austere, Stringent
Antonyms: Soft, Quiet, Gentle, Mild, Low, Silent, Subdued, Dulcet, Mellifluous, Moderate

Example: They are becoming increasingly strident in their criticism of government economic policy.

2. Echelon (noun): A level or rank in an organization, a profession, or society. (श्रेणी, पद) 
Synonyms: Level, Rank, Grade, Step, Rung, Tier, Stratum, Plane, Position, Order, Division, Sector
Example: Politicians are often hired by private equity for the connections and skills gained while working in the upper echelons of government.   

3. Get the nod (idiom): To be selected or get approval for something. (चुन लिए जाना या मंजूरी मिलना)
Synonyms: Selected, Chosen, Picked, Make the Grade
Antonyms: Ignored, Rejected, Refused
Example: Amanda got the nod from the boss to start the project.  

4. Gratifying (adjective): Pleasing and satisfying: (संतुष्टिदायक, तृप्तिदायी)
Synonyms:  Enjoyable, Felicitous Delightful Fulfilling, Gladdening, Heartening, Satisfying
Antonyms: Deplorable, Doleful, Dolorous, Lamentable, Lugubrious, Abominable Unpleasant, Unwelcome demoralizing, depressing, discouraging, disheartening, dispiriting
Example:  It must be very gratifying to see all your children grown up and happy

5. Sordid (adjective): Morally wrong and shocking; dirty and unpleasant. (अनैतिक, घटिया, घिनौना)
Synonyms: Squalid, Sleazy, Vile, Dishonourable, Disreputable, Abhorrent, Ignominious   
Antonyms:  Immaculate, Spotless, Stainless, Ultraclean, Unsoiled, Unstained, Unsullied Upright, Venerable, Virtuous
Example: If people learn of the politician’s sordid past, they will not vote for him

6. Enviable (adjective): An enviable quality is one that someone else has and that you wish you had too. (प्रशंसनीय, पाने योग्य)
Synonyms: Desirable, Attractive, Sought-After, Admirable, Commendable, Praiseworthy, Covetable Favoured
Antonyms: Unenviable, Unfavoured, Undesirable, Unwanted
Example: He has an enviable talent for making people laugh.

7. Skewed (adjective): Make biased or distorted in a way that is regarded as inaccurate, unfair, or misleading. (झुका हुआ, तोडा-मरोड़ा हुआ)
Synonyms: Biased, Prejudiced, Distorted, Inexact, Partial, Lop-Sided
Antonyms: Level, Straight, Balanced, Even, Symmetrical, Uniform, Unbiased
Example:  He accused them of skewing the rules in their favour.

8. Hog (verb): Take or use most or all of (something) in an unfair or selfish way. (हाथियाना, कब्जा जमा लेना)
Synonyms: Monopolize, Dominate, Take Over, Corner, Control, Dominate, Bogart
Antonyms: Share, Give, Division
Example: He's always hogging the bathroom.

9. Disconcerting (adjective): Causing a feeling of disturbance, uncertainty, wariness, or confusion. (चिंताजनक)
Synonyms: Upsetting, Bothersome, Unsettling, Unnerving, Discomfiting, Disturbing, Perturbing, Troubling, Worrying
Antonyms: Pleasing, Soothing, Calming, Reassuring, Encouraging
Example: The past few months have been a disconcerting time for Mitali.
10. Extirpate (verb): To remove or destroy something completely. (उन्मूलन करना, उखाड़ फेंकना)
Synonyms: Eradicate, Exterminate, Deracinate, Annihilate, Extinguish, Abolish, Root Out.
Antonyms: Conserve, Preserve, Protect, Construct, Create Manufacture
Example: The police has a specific goal to extirpate crime in the neighbourhood.
Related: Extirpate, Extirpated

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