Editorial : 20-06-2018 : Five principles of data protection


As the government prepares to finalise(अंतिम रूप) its data protection law, five factors must be kept in mind. The spread of mobile broadband, along with
digitisation of financial transactions, citizen-state interactions(बातचीत ) and record-keeping across the board generate immense(अत्यधिक/विशाल) quantities of data, whose secure and beneficial use would determine(निर्धारित) the well-being of future Indians. Two, given the powerful algorithms already in place or being developed(विकसित) to mine data of various kinds, it is vital(महत्वपूर्ण/जीवनाधार) to appreciate that personal data are no longer just an individual(व्यक्तिगत/विशिष्ट) affair, a transactional entity(सत्ता/वास्तविकता) between a consumer who gives up data in return for some ‘free’ services, but, in combination with other data, a source of strategic insight(अंतर्दृष्टि) into the nation’s vulnerabilities(कमजोरियों/आलोचनीयता) and strengths(बल/मज़बूती) , ranging from the cultural and psychological to the physical and institutional. This holistic(समग्र) conceptualisation(अवधारणा)must inform use of data and its protection.
Next, the context in which data are stored, and the purposes to which data are processed, modified and transmitted determine their full value. Its operative implication(उलझाव) is that consent of the data subject, freely sought(मांगना) and freely given, is not a sufficient guarantee against misuse; rather, the state must have the power to supervise(निगरानी/प्रबंध करना) and regulate the contexts and uses to which data are deployed. It also means that the law must be capable(सक्षम) of holding those who cause harm using data liable and penalised(सज़ा) to deterrent effect. This brings us to the fourth point: data residency. In order to make sure that use of data on Indians is fully compliant with Indian law and regulation, and that Indian law enforcement has untrammelled and lawful access to Indian data, such data must be stored within India’s territorial jurisdiction.
Finally, given the asymmetry in the data economy between entrenched(आरोपित हुआ) firms of developed countries and ordinary citizens of India, and given the fragmented(खंडित) , territorial(क्षेत्रीय/प्रादेशिक) nature of sovereignty(संप्रभुता/प्रभुत्व) and the seamless operation of digital giants, Indian law must retain its extra-territorial reach, to ensure full compliance (अनुपालन/क़बूल) of digital players.

Important vocabulary
1.Immense(अत्यधिक/विशाल)
Synonyms: boundless, colossal, endless, enormous, extensive
Antonyms: bounded, calculable, common, ending, finite
2.Supervise(निगरानी/प्रबंध करना)
Synonyms: administer, conduct, deal with, direct, handle
Antonyms: mismanage, neglect, follow, serve
3.Implication(उलझाव)
Synonyms: conclusion, connotation, indication, meaning, overtone
Antonyms: measurement, proof, reality, truth
4.Entrenched(आरोपित हुआ)
Synonyms: rooted, firm, fixed,, fortified, dug in
Antonyms: changeable, indefinite, irresolute
5.Compliance (अनुपालन/क़बूल)
Synonyms: conformity, consent,, acquiescence, amenability, assent
Antonyms: difference, disagreement, refusal, disobedience, rebellion

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