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Editorial : 17-05-2018

Is This Poriborton, Mamata Banerjee?
West Bengal has not had the vaunted poriborton, or change, it was promised, when it comes to its political culture. Violence(हिंसा) had been an integral(अविभाज्य/संपूर्ण) part of the state’s politics during three and-half decades of uninterrupted Communist rule. Mamata Banerjee and her Trinamool Congress have continued with the tradition(परंपरा/प्रथा). Hence
the latest bout of violence during the state’s panchayat elections. It does, however, shine the light on the Trinamool Congress’ interpretation(व्याख्या/ अर्थ) of democratic(लोकतांत्रिक ) values(मूल्य/महत्व). The use of violent intimidation(धमकी/डराना-धमकाना) as a tool in electoral contests might well be blamed on the Communists. But as the party in power, the Trinamool Congress bears the onus for ensuring(सुनिश्चित/ठीक कर लेना) peaceful, fair and free elections. It has the state’s law and order machinery to ensure this. Failing to ensure an atmosphere that is conducive(अनुकूल/सहायक) to people’s participation in the democratic process as candidates and/or as voters is a dereliction(कर्तव्य का त्याग) of duty by the state’s elected government.
The Trinamool leaders’ claim that they are the victims of poll-related violence is without merit(योग्यता/श्रेष्ठता). The events in West Bengal should also serve as a warning to those who tout for the return to the use of ballot papers against EVMs. Ballot boxes were destroyed(नष्ट किया हुआ/खंडित) and hijacked and, in some cases, ballot papers were burned during the panchayat elections in the state. The boxes and papers were not to blame, of course.
The events in West Bengal represent a clear and present danger to democracy. Free and fair elections are 
essential(आवश्यक)to a functioning democracy. Merely(सादे तौर पर/केवल ) conducting(आयोजन) periodic elections does not make for a functioning democracy. It is equally important to ensure that citizens are free to go about the business of life without fear and take part in elections without risk to life and limb. West Bengal chief minister Mamata Banerjee and her administration have failed to do this.

 Important Vocabulary
 1.Integral(अविभाज्य/संपूर्ण)
Synonyms: benefit, dignity, excellence, integrity, quality
Antonyms: nonessential, accessory, extrinsic, fractional, part
2.Conducive(अनुकूल/सहायक
Synonyms: helpful, useful, accessory, calculated to produce
Antonyms: useless, worthless, adverse, discouraging, hindering
3.Dereliction(कर्तव्य का त्याग)
Synonyms: desertion, desolation, forsaking, relinquishment
4.Merit(योग्यता/श्रेष्ठता)
Synonyms: benefit, dignity, excellence, integrity, quality
Antonyms: disadvantage, dishonor, disrespect, evil, ill repute
5.Interpretation(व्याख्या/ अर्थ)
Synonyms: analysis, clarification, explanation, judgment, meaning
Antonyms: complication, ignorance, misconception, misunderstanding, release


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