English Vocab

For Smoother Resolution
The Insolvency Committee has addressed many contentious issues plaguing resolution process.
In view of conflicting rulings by the National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT), numerous appeals, and the ongoing tussles (a vigorous struggle or scuffle, typically in order to obtain or achieve something) under the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC), the Insolvency Law Committee that was tasked to assess the operational and interpretational issues in the Code has hit the right note. The highlight of the panel’s recommendations is streamlining Section 29A that widens the pool of eligible bidders. This section, introduced last year to keep out errant (erring or straying from the accepted course or standards/travelling in search of
adventure) and wilful defaulters from buying back stressed assets, had thrown a spanner in the works for meaningful resolution. For instance, Section 29A had debarred related parties and connected persons of defaulting entities from bidding. This had resulted in inclusion of a wide gamut (the complete range or scope of something) of persons within the scope of Section 29A. The panel has now narrowed the list of debarred entities to only those closely related to defaulting promoters. By exempting pure-play financial entities from the ambit of Section 29A, the committee also seeks to ensure that asset reconstruction companies, alternate investment funds etc., are not unintentionally disqualified. Also, by offering a three-year dispensation (the complete range or scope of something) to bidders who have acquired an NPA account due to acquisition of corporate debtors under the IBC, the committee has ensured that well-intentioned buyers are not precluded (prevent from happening; make impossible) from bidding for other accounts.
The committee is also correct in recommending that home buyers be given the status of financial creditors. Given that in most cases, the amount of money given by home buyers as advanceis much higher than the money lent by banks, this could grant more say for home buyers in the resolution process. Reducing the threshold for approving a resolution plan from 75 per cent to 66 per cent will also prevent needless dissolution, turning the focus back on resolution and turnaround. The committee has also cleared the air (To discuss or otherwise confront a troublesome issue, usually with the goal of alleviating tension or confusion/To remove doubt from a situation/To remove or improve stale air or an unpleasant odor) over one of the most litigious (tending or too ready to take legal action to settle disputes) areas by clarifying that all assets of guarantors to the corporate debtor will be outside the scope of moratorium. This, in effect thwarts promoters’ efforts to delay recovery by lenders against their personal assets.
There are other issues, however, that need review. The ongoing scrimmage (a confused struggle or fight) between operational and financial creditors warrants more attention; poor recovery for operational creditors can snowball (increase rapidly in size, intensity, or importance) into fresh NPA issues for banks from the SME space. The Code, drawing lessons from the Sick Industrial Companies Act, can mandate the acquirer to issue a public notice inviting objections to the resolution plan; this will only be in line with (similar to someone or something) the principles of natural justice. Nirav Modi’s companies filing for bankruptcy in the US also bring to the fore the need for a robust cross border insolvency law. The Committee, while recognising this, has not laid down suggestions. Nevertheless the report is a laudable effort to address key issues.
Courtesy-The Hindu Business Line (Economy)
1. Litigious (adjective) : (Tending or too ready to take legal action to settle disputes.) (विवादी)
Synonyms: Belligerent, Combative, Contentious, Argumentative, Disputable
Antonyms: Unargumentative, Noncontentious, Noncompetitive. Uncontroversial
Example: Indeed, we have created for ourselves a litigious society that does not hesitate to run to the courts for every little irritation.
Related words: Litigiously (adverb) Litigiousness, Litigiosity (noun)
2. Scrimmage (noun) : (A confused struggle or fight) (धक्का मुक्की)
Synonyms: Fight, Battle, Struggle, Tussle, Brawl,
Antonyms: Peace, Truce
Example: The two players got into a scrimmage off the court and got suspended.
Verb forms: Scrimmage, Scrimmaged, Scrimmaged
Related words: Scrimmager (noun)
3. Tussle (noun): (A vigorous struggle or scuffle, typically in order to obtain or achieve something) (विवाद)
Synonyms: Scuffle, Fight, Struggle, Skirmish, Brawl
Antonyms: Truce
Example: We are engaged in a legal tussle with a large pharmaceutical company.
Verb forms: Tussle, Tussled, Tussled
Related words: Tussle (verb)
4. Errant (adjective): (Erring or straying from the accepted course or standards/travelling in search of adventure.) (भटकने वाला)
Synonyms: Offending, Guilty, Culpable, Misbehaving, Delinquent, Lawless
Antonyms: Innocent, Well Behaved
Example: The errant workers have been known to take a two-hour lunch break.
Related words: Errantly (adverb)
5. Gamut (noun) : (The complete range or scope of something.) (विस्तार)
Synonyms: Range, Spectrum, Span, Sweep, Compass, Scope
Example: During the open discussion, a gamut of opinions flowed around the classroom.
6. Dispensation (noun): (Exemption from a rule or usual requirement/a political, religious, or social system prevailing at a particular time.) (छूट)
Synonyms: Exemption, Immunity, Exception, Exclusion, Exoneration
Antonyms: Disfavor, Whole, Denial, Veto
Example: Because the soldier had saved his entire unit, the president gave himdispensation for his wartime crimes.
Related words: Dispensational (adjective) Dispensatorily (adverb)
7. Preclude (verb): (Prevent from happening; make impossible.) (होने से रोकना)
Synonyms: Prevent, Rule out, Put a stop to, Stop, Prohibit, Debar, Interdict
Antonyms: Abet, Aid, Assist
Example: Even though Jane has a disability, she never allows it to preclude her from living a full and happy life.
Verb forms: Preclude, Precluded, Precluded
Related words: Precludable (adjective) Preclusively (adverb)
8. Snowball (verb): (Increase rapidly in size, intensity, or importance) (बढ़ना)
Synonyms: Escalate, Heighten, Intensify, Multiply, Proliferate, Swell.
Antonyms: Decrease, Lessen, Lower, Weaken
Example: All this publicity has had a snowball effect on the sales of their latest album.
Related words: ‘Snowball’ noun ( a ball of packed snow, especially one made for throwing at other people for fun)
9. Clear the air (Phrase): (To discuss or otherwise confront a troublesome issue, usually with the goal of alleviating tension or confusion/To remove doubt from a situation/To remove or improve stale air or an unpleasant odor.) (संदेह दूर करना)
Synonyms: Clarify, Decipher, Define, Elucidate, Explain
Antonyms: Complicate, Confuse, Mixup
Example: Once we cleared the air, we found that it had just been a simple misunderstanding.
10. In line with (Phrase): (Similar to someone or something) (के समान)
Synonyms: Similar, Like, Comparable
Antonyms: Dissimilar, Different, Contrast
Example: The costs of the products were very much in line with what we expected.

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