English Vocab

1. Recoup (verb): (Regain (something lost or expended) (पुनः प्राप्त करना/क्षति पूर्ति करना)
Synonyms: Get Back, Regain, Recover, Win Back, Retrieve, Repossess, Redeem.
Antonyms: Lose, Deprive.
Example: The airlines are adding a fuel surcharge to ticket prices in an effort to recoup their deficits caused by increased fuel prices.
Verb forms: Recoup, Recouped, Recouped.
2. Gordian knot (noun): (An extremely difficult or involved problem.) (कठिन समस्या)
Synonyms: Entanglement, Quagmire, Troublesome, Complexity.
Antonyms: Easiness, Solution.
Example: Homelessness for Rohingyas has become a real Gordian knot.
Origin: from the legend that Gordius, king of Gordium, tied an intricate knot and prophesied that whoever untied it would become the ruler of Asia. It was cut through with a sword by Alexander the Great.
 3. Pander (verb): gratify or indulge (an immoral or distasteful desire) (सन्तुष्ट करना/ख़ुश करना)
Synonyms: Gratify, Satiate, Please, Cater To. 
Antonyms: Anger, Annoy, Disappoint, Disturb, Frustrate, Upset.
Example: I hate reality shows because I believe they pander to people who enjoy watching immoral activities.
Verb forms: Pander, Pandered, Pandered.
4. Haphazard (adjective): (Lacking any obvious principle of organization.) (अस्थिर/आकस्मिक/बेढंग)
Synonyms: Random, Unplanned, Unsystematic, Unmethodical, Disorganized, Disorderly.
Antonyms: Systematic, Designed, Organized.
Example: The haphazard arrangement of different types of flowers created a surprisingly beautiful bouquet.
Related words:
Haphazardly (adverb) - बेतरतीबी से
5. Fallout (noun): The adverse results of a situation or action(secondary)./ a secondary and often lingering effect, result, or set of consequences. (प्रतिकूल परिणाम)
Synonyms: Side Effect, Aftermath, Repercussion, Corollary.
Antonyms: Cause, Origin.
Example: His vigorous election campaign showed that he was prepared to take calculated risks regardless of political fallout
6. Balkanization (noun): Process of fragmentation or division of a region or state into smaller regions or states that are often hostile or uncooperative with one another. (अलगाव)
Synonyms: Division, Fragmentation, Sectionalization, Segmentation.
Antonyms: Juncture, Union.
Example: Balkanization of large countries into several smaller nations often results in great divides, anger, and wars between neighbors for territory.
7. Cut corners (phrasal verb): (Do something perfunctorily so as to save time or money.) (किफ़ायत से करना)
Synonyms: Skimp, Economize, Pinch Pennies.
Antonyms: Spend, Squander, Throw Away.
Example: The director has to cut corners to make a film on such a small budget.
8. Exacerbate (verb): (Make (A problem, bad situation, or negative feeling) worse.) (बिगाड़ना)
Synonyms: Aggravate, Exasperate, Worsen, Embitter, Amplify the Worseness.
Antonyms: Alleviate, Improve.
Example: Not paying your taxes will only exacerbate your financial problems in the future.
Verb forms: Exacerbate, Exacerbated, Exacerbated.
Related words:
Exacerbation (noun) – तीव्रता/ प्रकोपन
Origin: from Latin exacerbare, from ex- (expressing inducement of a state) + acerbus ‘harsh, bitter’. 
9. Underpin (verb): (Support, justify, or form the basis for) (मजबूत करना/आधार लगाना)
Synonyms: Establish, Predicate, Be Foundation, Build.
Antonyms: Demolish, Destroy, Disestablish, Ruin.
Example: Habit of reading books always underpins one’s intellect.
Verb forms: Underpin, Underpinned, Underpinned.
10. Subvention (noun): (A grant of money, especially from a government.) (अनुदान/आर्थिक सहायता)
Synonyms: Subsidy, Concession, Gratuity, Grant (Of Money).
Antonyms: Denial, Refusal.
Example: During the drought, the government gave farmers a Subvention to help them stay in business.
Verb forms: Subvent, Subvented, Subvented.
Related words:
Subvent (verb) - आर्थिक समर्थन का वादा करना
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