English Vocab

1. Vortex (noun): A mass of air or water that spins around very fast and pulls objects into its empty centre. (भंवर, बवंडर)
Synonyms: Whirlpool, Maelstrom, Eddy, Swirl,  Spiral

Example:  A boat sucked down into the vortex.
2. Conjecture (noun): An opinion or conclusion formed on the basis of incomplete information. (अनुमान, निराधार कल्पना)
Synonyms :  Guess, Surmise, Speculation, Hypothesis
Antonyms: Fact, Proof, Certainty
Example: Your argument is being ignored because it is basically nothing but conjecture.  
3. Fungible (adj): Capable of being substituted in place of one another. (अदला-बदली करने योग्य)
Synonyms: Commutable, Exchangeable, Interchangeable, Substitutable
Antonyms: Different, Dissimilar
Example : In the old days, people traded fungible items instead of paying with money
4. Visceral (adj): Based on deep feeling and emotional reactions rather than on reason or thought. (अंतर्बोध से प्राफ्त)
Synonyms: Intuitive, Instinctive, Gut, Spontaneous
Antonyms: Reasoned, Analytic 
Example: His approach to acting is visceral rather than intellectual.
5. Throw a monkey wrench into (idiom): To do something that prevents a plan or activity from succeeding. (कुछ ऐसा करना   जो योजना  को सफल होने से रोकता है)
Synonyms: Disrupt, Hamper, Cripple, Hinder
Antonyms: Aid, Assist, Encourage, Permit
Example: We had everything in line for the party, but having the caterer cancel on us at the last minute really threw a monkey wrench into our plans.
6. Dexterity (noun): Skill in performing tasks, especially with the hands. (निपुणता, कौशल)
Synonyms: Deftness, Adeptness, Adroitness, Sleight
Antonyms: Clumsiness, Ineptitude, Maladroitness, Gracelessness
Example: Reid's dexterity on the guitar is exceptional.
7. Predilection (noun): A preference for something; a strong liking. (पूर्वाभिरुचि, झुकाव)
Synonyms: Penchant, Proclivity, Fondness, Propensity
Antonyms: Disinclination, Dislike, Aversion, Repugnance
Example: While girls wear the colour pink often, boys have a predilection for wearing blue and black clothing.
8. Preponderant (adj): Having superior weight, force, or influence. (प्रधान, प्रमुख, हावी)
Synonyms: Predominant, Paramount, Preeminent, Supreme
Antonyms: Insignificant, Inferior, Mediocre
Example: Music does not play a very preponderant role in the school's teaching.
9. Abridge (verb): To make less in extent or duration. (संक्षेप करना, कम करना)
Synonyms: Abbreviate, Curtail, Syncopate, Truncate
Antonyms: Elongate, Extend, Prolong, Protract
ExampleAbridge a dictionary by omitting rare words.
Related: Abridged, Abridged
10. Intangible (adj): Unable to be touched; not having physical presence.  
Synonyms: Impalpable, Abstract , Insubstantial, Imperceptible
Antonyms: Palpable, Tactile, Tangible, Touchable
Example: Electrical energy is completely intangible.
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